Clearing members are required to provide liquid assets which adequately cover various margins and liquid net worth requirements. A clearing member may deposit liquid assets in the form of cash, bank guarantees, fixed deposit receipts, approved securities and any other form of collateral as may be prescribed from time to time. The total liquid assets comprise of the cash component and the non-cash component wherein the cash component shall be at least 50% of liquid assets.
Details of security deposit to be maintained as Liquid Net worth are specified as under:
Initial margins, Extreme Loss Margins, Additional margins or any other margins as may be specified by SEBI from time to time shall be deducted from the liquid assets of a clearing member. The clearing member’s liquid assets after adjusting for applicable margins shall be referred to as ‘Liquid Networth’ of the clearing member. The clearing member shall meet with the liquid net worth requirements prescribed by the NSE Clearing at all points of time.
Minimum liquid net worth requirement for clearing members:
Every clearing member of the NSE Clearing is required to maintain a minimum liquid net worth of Rs.50 lakhs with the NSE Clearing in the following manner:
- (a) Rs.25 lakhs in the form of cash and
- (b) Rs.25 lakhs in any one or combination of the forms of collaterals accepted towards liquid assets.
Any failure on the part of a clearing member to meet with the deposit requirements as given above in point number 1 and 2, at any point of time, will be treated as a violation of the Rules, Bye-Laws and Regulations of the NSE Clearing. In such case the NSE Clearing may initiate suitable action as given below or as prescribed by the relevant authority from time to time.
If the security deposit shortage is equal to or greater than Rs. 5.00 lakhs, the NSE Clearing may advise the Exchange to withdraw any or all of the membership rights of the clearing member including the withdrawal of trading facilities of all trading members and/ or clearing facility of custodial participants clearing through such clearing members.
If the security deposit shortage is less than Rs. 5.00 lakhs, the member would be given one calendar weeks time to replenish the shortage and if the same is not done within this timeframe, NSE Clearing may advise the Exchange to withdraw any or all of the membership rights of the clearing member including the withdrawal of trading facilities of all trading members and/ or clearing facility of custodial participants clearing through such clearing members.
In addition, the outstanding positions of such clearing member and/ or trading members and/ or constituents, clearing and settling through such clearing member, may be closed out forthwith or any time thereafter by the Exchange, at the discretion of the NSE Clearing, to the extent possible, by placing at the Exchange, counter orders in respect of the outstanding position of such clearing member without any notice to the clearing member and/ or trading members and/ or constituents, and such action shall be final and binding on the clearing member and/ or trading members and/ or constituents. NSE Clearing may also initiate such other risk containment measures as it deems fit with respect to the open positions of the clearing member and/ or trading members and / or constituents.
NSE Clearing may, in addition to the foregoing provisions, take additional measures like, imposing penalties, collecting appropriate deposits, invoking bank guarantees/ fixed deposit receipts, realising money by disposing off the securities and exercising such other risk containment measures as it deems fit and may further take such disciplinary action as it may deem fit and appropriate in this regard.
Clearing Members may submit deposit in the form of cash by making the required amount available in their respective clearing bank account and sending an authorization to the Clearing Corporation for debiting the said amount from their clearing account. The same can be provided through a web based facility called Collateral Interface for Members (CIM) which enables the clearing members to log in through internet. Members shall log in through specific user-ids and passwords into CIM. The benefit of such cash deposit requests shall be subject to bank confirmation from the respective clearing bank. To obtain a Login User ID, members are required to send their request to the Clearing Corporation in the format provided.
A clearing member who has authorised the Clearing Corporation to debit his clearing account as above shall ensure due performance of the commitment. Non-fulfilment of such obligation will be treated as a violation and/ or non-performance of obligations and shall attract consequences, penalty and/ or penal charges as applicable to violations.
Transfer of Cash from one segment to another segment
Clearing members who intend to transfer Cash from one segment to another segment can transfer the same by putting a transfer request in Collateral Interface for Member (CIM) on an intraday basis. Members shall be required to specify the segment where the collateral is to be transferred. Transfer request received from the members via CIM shall be treated as request from the members and no separate transfer letter needs to be submitted.
Clearing members are permitted to submit fixed deposit receipts as collateral towards liquid assets. The FDR should be issued either in favour of: "Custodian Name" (as the case may be) - A/c Clearing Member Name" in case to be deposited with approved custodians or "NSE Clearing Limited A/c Clearing Member Name" in case to be deposited with the NSE Clearing.
Clearing members need to ensure following before submitting FDRs to approved custodians or NSE Clearing as the case may be:
- Clearing members have to issue a letter to NSE Clearing/approved custodians as per the formats specified.
- Clearing members have to submit a letter given by approved banks issuing the FDR to NSE Clearing/ approved custodians as per formats specified.
- The FDR should have validity for a minimum period of 3 months in case of margin deposit and for a minimum period of 12 months in case of security deposit.
- The minimum value of FDR that may be accepted is Rs.1 lakhs.
- The FDR should be issued by any of the branches of approved banks and should be payable in the cities of: Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad and Hyderabad.
Reminder letters are downloaded on a monthly basis through the extranet in respect of the FDRs that are due for renewal in the following month. Further the file naming convention for the same is O_REMINDERS_MEMBER CODE_DDMMYYYY.LIS.
Renewals of the FDRs are the sole responsibility of the clearing members. In case of renewal of FDRs, the clearing members are required to furnish the renewal documents strictly in the prescribed formats.
h) Shifting of FDR from other segments to commodity segment
Clearing member who intend to transfer the FDR from one segment to another segment can transfer the same by putting a transfer request in Collateral Interface for Member (CIM) on an intraday basis. Members shall be required to specify the segment where the FDR is to be transferred. Transfer request received from the members via CIM shall be treated as request from the members and no separate transfer letter needs to be submitted.
Clearing Members may opt for giving bank guarantee in the specified formats, either for specific segment or for any of the clearing segment, from any approved banks towards liquid assets. Additionally, at the time of deposit of the bank guarantee, the clearing member is required to ensure the following:
- The bank guarantee is strictly as per the formats prescribed by the NSE Clearing
- A bank guarantee for security deposit should be issued for a minimum period of 12 months with a specific claim period of at least 3 months. However, where an issuing bank does not provide for a specific claim period beyond the expiry date in the bank guarantee, the clearing members shall submit a bank guarantee for a minimum period of 15 months. The maturity period of such bank guarantee shall be reduced by 3 months, which would be considered as the claim period of the bank guarantee.
- A bank guarantee for margin deposit should have validity for a minimum period of 3 months. In case the issuing bank does not provide for a specific claim period beyond the expiry date in the bank guarantee, the maturity period of such bank guarantee shall be reduced by 7 days, which would be considered as the claim period of the bank guarantee.
- In case bank guarantee is for any clearing segment then in such cases clearing member should also submit member letter in the specified format (Annexure II).
- While filling the details in a bank guarantee, clearing members shall ensure that:
- No relevant portion is left blank
- All handwritten corrections and blanks are attested by the bank by affixing the bank seal / stamp duly authorised
- All irrelevant portions struck off on the printed format should also be authenticated by the bank by affixing the bank seal / stamp duly authorised.
- Each page of the bank guarantee should bear the bank guarantee number, issue date, stamp of the bank and should be signed by at least two authorised signatories.
- The clearing member should also ensure that the bank guarantee is free from any discrepancy before the same is submitted to the NSE Clearing.
- The stamp paper should be issued in the name of the clearing member or the bank, no third party stamp papers are permissible.
- The stamp paper should not be older than 6 months from the executed date of the bank guarantee/ renewal.
In case the bank guarantee does not strictly conform to the above-mentioned conditions, the same shall not be accepted by NSE Clearing and benefit for the same shall be made available only upon the bank guarantee being strictly in conformity with the prescribed requirements.
The acceptance of the bank guarantees by NSE Clearing shall be subject to the bank-wise and member-wise limits as are stipulated from time to time. The maximum value of bank guarantees that can be given from the issuing bank per clearing member is as provided below:
|Networth of the issuing bank *||Applicable total limit per clearing member across all segments|
|Rs. 1000 crores <= NW < Rs.2000 crores||Rs 25 Crore|
|Rs. 2000 crores <= NW < Rs.3000 crores||Rs 35 Crore|
|>=3000 crores **|
* In respect of bank guarantees issued by the designated clearing banks the maximum value of bank guarantees that can be accepted from each of these designated clearing banks shall be set at the next higher slab in which they would have ordinarily been, compared with their net worth.
** Over Rs. 3000 crores, for each Rs.1000 crores of net worth, an incremental limit of Rs.10 crores per member is allowed.
Based on the category of the member the above limits shall be subject to a maximum amount as mentioned below:
|Category of member||Applicable total limit per clearing member across all segments|
|Professional Clearing Members in F&O segment / Custodian Clearing Members in Capital Market||Rs. 250 crores|
|Trading Cum Clearing Members in F&O segment||Rs. 125 crores|
|Other categories of the members||Rs.50 crores|
Further, the maximum value of bank guarantees that can be issued by the primary clearing bank on behalf of their clearing member shall be as under:
|Category of member||Applicable total limit per clearing member across all segments|
|Professional Clearing Members in F&O segment / Custodian Clearing Members in Capital Market||Rs.312.50 crores|
|Trading Cum Clearing Members in F&O segment||Rs.156.25 crores|
|Other categories of the members||Rs.62.50 crores|
In addition to the above based on category of the clearing member the below mentioned maximum value of bank guarantee limit shall be applicable across all segments /schemes:
|Category of member||Applicable total limit per clearing member across all segments|
|Professional Clearing Members in F&O segment / Custodian Clearing Members in Capital Market||Rs. 2500 crores|
|Trading Cum Clearing Members in F&O segment||Rs. 1000 crores|
|Other categories of the members||Rs. 500 crores|
Clearing members are advised to check their applicable limit before getting their bank guarantees issued.
a) Reminder letter
Reminder letters are downloaded on a monthly basis through the extranet in respect of the bank guarantees that are due for renewal in the following month. Further the file naming convention for the same is O_REMINDERS_MEMBER CODE_DDMMYYYY.LIS
b) Renewal of Bank Guarantees
Clearing members are required to ensure that the renewal of the bank guarantee is submitted to the Clearing Corporation in the prescribed format well in advance before the date of expiry of the bank guarantee.
c) Shifting of the Bank Guarantee from other segments to commodity segment
Clearing Members, who intend to release the BG provided as margin deposit in F&O segment/ Currency Derivatives and add the same as margin deposit in Commodity segment, are required to submit a release request in CM Sesgment/F&O segment/ Currency Derivatives Segment through CIM
Transfer request received from the members via CIM shall be treated as request from the members and no separate transfer letter needs to be submitted.
Clearing members are permitted to pledge shares of Liquid (Group I) Equity Shares as per Capital Market Segment and units of mutual fund as communicated to the members from time to time in electronic form ('demat securities') in the designated depository accounts maintained with the approved custodians in this regard. These securities shall be pledged in favour of National Securities NSE Clearing Limited. A deed of pledge is required to be executed with the custodian in specified formats. NSE Clearing may revise the list of approved securities and the haircuts from time to time. Clearing Members who have deposited securities which have been discontinued from the list of approved securities, shall be required to take due care to replace such securities.
The securities are valued on a daily basis based on the closing price of the security in the Capital Market segment of the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. The haircut applicable for the security shall be as specified in the monthly circular for approved list of securities. This haircut shall be applied on the value of the securities provided by the clearing members to arrive at the net value of the securities. Only the value net of applicable haircuts shall be considered as the value of the securities pledged. Valuation of securities shall be done by the approved custodians at such periodic intervals as may be specified by the NSE Clearing from time to time.
Members are permitted to pledge open ended mutual fund units available in demat form deposited with approved custodian as collateral towards Liquid assets. A deed of pledge is required to be executed with the custodian in specified formats. The NSE Clearing may revise the list of approved mutual fund scheme and the haircuts from time to time. Members who have deposited mutual funds units which have been discontinued from the list of approved scheme, shall be required to take due care to replace such units.
The mutual funds units are valued based on the Net Asset Value of the mutual fund unit. The value of the mutual fund unit is reduced by such haircut as may be prescribed by the NSE clearing from time to time to arrive at the collateral value of the mutual fund unit. The hair cut applicable shall be the VaR margin rate and exit load if any applicable for the respective mutual fund scheme. Only the value net of applicable haircuts and exit load shall be considered as the value of the mutual funds pledged. Valuation of mutual funds is done by approved custodians at periodic intervals as specified by the NSE Clearing from time to time. Further, the total value of mutual funds units provided as non-cash portion of the liquid assets shall not exceed 35% of the liquid assets of the respective member for debt Mutual funds and 25 % for non-debt mutual funds.
Units of money market mutual fund and Gilt funds (including units of open ended liquid mutual funds or government securities mutual funds) where applicable haircut is 10%.
Clearing member desirous of providing G-Sec / T-Bills shall enter into an agreement with NSE Clearing as per the format.
- NSE Clearing shall prescribe list of G-Sec/T-Bills that shall be eligible for acceptance as collateral from time to time.
- G-sec/T-bill shall be accepted as collateral only in electronic form. Clearing members desirous of providing G-Sec/T-Bills as collateral shall put a request in CIM. Clearing members shall further be required to enter the transaction on NDS under Settlement-Transfer Order-Clearing Agency Contribution by 3.30 pm. NSE Clearing shall confirm the transaction entered on the NDS, based on the information received from member through fax.
- The details of NSE Clearing - SGL-II account is as follows:
Name of the Account National Securities Clearing Corporation Limited Member ID BYA00168 SGL II A/c No. SG020168
- The benefit of G-Sec/T-bills provided as collaterals shall be passed on immediately to clearing members on G-Sec/T-Bills being transferred to the SGL-II account of NSE Clearing.
- For release of G-Sec / T-bills, clearing members shall put a request in CIM. The release of G-Sec/T-Bill shall be processed only at end of day. The G-sec/T-bill released by NSE Clearing shall be entered on NDS under Settlement-Transfer Order-Clearing Agency Withdrawal. Clearing member shall ensure that such transactions are approved on NDS at their end.
- G-Sec/T-Bill shall be valued daily based on previous day's MTM prices as specified by CCIL
- A hair cut of 10% shall be applied on the value of G-Sec/T-bill provided as collateral by clearing members. The value after applying the hair cut shall be added to the cash component of the liquid assets of the clearing member.
- Periodic coupon / redemption payments received on the G-Sec/T-Bills provided by the member shall be passed on to the member by NSE Clearing immediately upon receipt of relative interest/redemption from Reserve Bank of India.
- In case any of the approved G-Sec is in 'SHUT PERIOD', clearing members shall not be allowed for request for addition / release of such G-Sec.
Releases of Liquid Assets
Member may request the NSE Clearing to release deposits held by the NSE Clearing. Such requests may be considered by the NSE Clearing if the NSE Clearing chooses not to exercise its lien pursuant to the Rules, Byelaws and Regulations and subject to availability after due adjustments for the due fulfilment of all obligations and liabilities arising out of or incidental to any contracts entered into by such member and subject to the bye laws, rules and regulations of the NSE Clearing or anything done in pursuance thereof.
The web based facility of Collaterals Interface for Members (CIM) is provided for submission of release requests of collaterals. The members may select the desired available collaterals for release. Release requests though CIM can also be placed using a file upload facility.
Collection of released collaterals submitted to NSE Clearing
The representative of the members coming to collect released FDR/ BG is required to carry an authorization letter.
The released Fixed Deposit Receipts / Bank Guarantees can be collected on the next working day of the release.