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Settlement Mechanism

Settlement of futures contracts on currency

Daily Mark-to-Market Settlement

The positions in the futures contracts for each member are marked-to-market to the daily settlement price of the futures contracts at the end of each trade day.

The profits/ losses are computed as the difference between the trade price or the previous day’s settlement price, as the case may be, and the current day’s settlement price. The CMs who have suffered a loss are required to pay the mark-to-market loss amount to NSE CLEARING which is passed on to the members who have made a profit. This is known as daily mark-to-market settlement.

Theoretical daily settlement price for unexpired futures contracts, which are not traded during the last half an hour on a day, is currently the price computed as per the formula.

After daily settlement, all the open positions are reset to the daily settlement price.

CMs are responsible to collect and settle the daily mark to market profits/losses incurred by the TMs and their clients clearing and settling through them. The pay-in and pay-out of the mark-to-market settlement is on T+1 day (T = Trade day). The mark to market losses or profits are directly debited or credited to the CMs clearing bank account.

Final Settlement

On the expiry of the futures contracts, NSE CLEARING marks all positions of a CM to the final settlement price and the resulting profit / loss is settled in cash.

The final settlement profit / loss are computed as the difference between trade price or the previous day’s settlement price, as the case may be, and the RBI reference rate of the such futures contract on the last trading day.

Final settlement loss/ profit amount is debited/ credited to the relevant CMs clearing bank account on T+2 day (T= last trading day).

Open positions in futures contracts cease to exist after their last trading day.